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Ontario Archaeology – OA070, 2000

Ceramics as Reflectors of Social Relationship: The Auger Site and Ball Site Castellations
Volume:  OA70
Year:  2000
Page Range:  1 – 15
Abstract:  Ceramic castellations are distinctive components of Iroquoian ceramic assemblages. The recovery of substantial numbers of castellations from two early seventeenth century Huron village sites, Auger and Ball, provides the opportunity to investigate this class of artifact more closely. A series of attributes are defined for the analysis of castellations and are used to characterize and compare artifacts from the Auger and Ball sites. These comparisons are facilitated by the use of the chi-square test and the coefficient of similarity. The tests reveal a high degree of similarity between the two assemblages. The relationship between the Auger and Ball sites is placed within a wider context through comparisons with other sites from Huronia, along with consideration of tribal affiliations and village relocation. This analysis indicates the relocation of a single community from the Ball site to the Auger site.

The Rentner and McKean Sites: 10,000 Years of Settlement on the Shores of Lake Huron, Simcoe County, Ontario
Volume:  OA70
Year:  2000
Page Range:  16 – 65
Abstract:  Excavations at two sites located on a prominent ridge attributed to the mid-Holocene Nipissing transgression yielded diagnostic stone tools, radiocarbon dates and faunal remains relating primarily to Early and Middle Archaic occupations of this area, one kilometre south of Georgian Bay in the Huron basin, east of Collingwood, Ontario. At the Rentner site, flaked and ground stone tools in good association with charcoal dated to 5,900 90 radiocarbon years B.P. indicate a Middle Archaic occupation that was most likely situated on the Huron shore of a Nipissing high-water stand. Cultural materials recovered at Rentner indicate that Late Archaic and Late Woodland peoples continued to use this site, with its adjacent creek, as an inland camp. At the McKean site, corner-notched, Thebes-Cluster projectile points indicate an Early Archaic occupation, likely during the time of falling water levels in the Huron basin about 9,500 years ago. Fish bone from a subsoil feature at the McKean site provides some of the earliest evidence for fishing in the Great Lakes.