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Ontario Archaeology – OA063, 1997

Editorial:  Four New Reports on Four Old Sites
Volume:  OA63
Year:  1997
Page Range:  1 – 3
Abstract:  No Abstract

Recent Investigations of Late Woodland Occupations at Cootes Paradise, Ontario
Volume:  OA63
Year:  1997
Page Range:  4 – 16
Abstract:  Excavation and survey activities at Cootes Paradise during 1995 and 1996 offer new insights into the early Late Woodland occupations of this important wetland area. Survey on the north shore of Cootes Paradise relocated the Bull’s Point site (AhGx-9), a Princess Point component originally found by David Stothers in 1969, and discovered five additional sites. Two of the new sites, Bull’s Cove (AhGx-365) and Cootes 1 (AhGx-366), produced small amounts of Late Woodland pottery. The three other new sites yielded only non diagnostic chert flakes. Bull’s Point produced Princess Point and later, possibly Early Iroquoian, pottery, a full suite of chipped lithic artifacts, and maize kernel fragments; almost no bone was recovered. Post moulds and features uncovered at this site are evidence for a small structure. The Bull’s Cove site, initially thought to be Princess Point but now classed as Early Iroquoian, underwent limited test excavation. Both Bull’s Point and Bull’s Cove are small sites situated in the bottoms of ravines at the present water’s edge, a type of site location unique to Cootes Paradise. They are interpreted as warm-weather, single family camp sites occupied on a short-term basis for the exploitation of seasonal resources.

Organizing Chipped Lithic Technology at the Lone Pine Site
Volume:  OA63
Year:  1997
Page Range:  17 – 36
Abstract:  Excavations conducted by the University of Toronto’s Princess Point Project recovered a large sample of informal flake-based tools from the Lone Pine site (AfGx-113) during the 1993 season. Of interest is the choice of technology represented by these tools and its emphasis on expedient, utilized flakes. This analysis suggests that the potential function of these implements, the exceptional availability of raw material in the vicinity, and the mobility strategy of the site’s occupants were guiding factors in the overall technological strategy chosen and the resulting design of tools.

The Finch Site: A Late Iroquoian Special Purpose Site on West Catfish Creek
Volume:  OA63
Year:  1997
Page Range:  37 – 84
Abstract:  The Finch site is a small Iroquoian special purpose site situated on the West Catfish Creek that dates to the first half of the fifteenth century. It was discovered during the course of survey in advance of the construction of an Ontario Hydro transmission line. The threatened portions of the site were subsequently excavated and have provided new data concerning the Late Woodland settlement and subsistence practices along the north shore of Lake Erie.

Stone Artifacts from the McQueen-McConnel Site, A Protohistoric Petun Village
Volume:  OA63
Year:  1997
Author:  J.A. BURSEY
Page Range:  85 – 100
Abstract:  The stone artifacts from test excavations of the McQueen-McConnell site, a protohistoric Petun village, are described and discussed. Reference is made to the functional classification of artifacts exhibiting evidence of bipolar battering. Broader questions relating to lithic reduction strategies, trade in exotic cherts and temporal dynamics associated with European influence are addressed.