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Ontario Archaeology – OA050, 1990

Palaeo-Indian and Archaic Occupations of the Rideau Lakes
Volume:  OA50
Year:  1990
Author:  WATSON, G. D.
Page Range:  5 – 26
Abstract:  Present knowledge of the Palaeo-Indian and Archaic occupations of the Rideau Lakes area is reported and assessed. Recent adjustments to the dates when the Champlain Sea receded from eastern Ontario permit a reassessment of a side-notched fluted point from an area previously thought to have been flooded throughout Palaeo-Indian times. The identification of a lanceolate point which is also side-notched suggests that these two points may represent the beginning of the side-notching technique in late Palaeo-Indian times. Excavated evidence and radiocarbon dates from the Wyght site (BfGa-11) confirm the presence of an early Archaic component dating to 6000 B.C. on the eastern shoreline of Lower Rideau Lake. Surface-collected Archaic projectile points of the Rideau Lakes have been classified by computer discriminant analysis and the frequency of occurrence of different types is discussed.

The Winter Site (AkHb-2): a Late Archaic Campsite near Guelph, Ontario
Volume:  OA50
Year:  1990
Author:  RAMSDEN, P. G.
Page Range:  27 – 38
Abstract:  The paper presents statistical methods for evaluating the effectiveness of archaeological survey strategies. Two main types of archaeological survey are discussed: continuous and discrete. These are compared to analogous military search situations and the athematical solutions developed for the military problems are presented. Techniques for adapting these solutions to archaeological problems are discussed and examples are given of the methods of each type of search strategy.

Middle and Late Archaic Faunal and Floral Exploitation at the Weber 1 Site (20SA581), Michigan
Volume:  OA50
Year:  1990
Author:  SMITH, B. A. & K. C. EGAN
Page Range:  39 – 54
Abstract:  The Weber I site (20SA581) is important in the Upper Great Lakes region because it has produced stratigraphically discrete occupations dating to the Middle Archaic and Late Archaic periods. Both faunal and floral remains are used for interpretations regarding subsistence, seasonally, and palaeoenvironment. This analysis presents an opportunity to examine the changes in site use and cultural adaptations that took place during the Archaic, a period for which organic preservation on archaeological sites is rare.

The Child Burial from the Melville Site
Volume:  OA50
Year:  1990
Page Range:  55 – 61
Abstract:  The skeletal remains of a child discovered in 1978 near the Melville Site (BbHa-7), an early 17th century Petun site, are the first such exhumed in that area to be reported following a detailed examination. A chronological age of about five years is assigned on the basis of the dentition, but the developmental age, as indicated by skeletal age, lags by as much as one and one-half years to two and one-half years behind this estimated chronological age This is due to the individual having experienced repeated biological insults, and these are reflected by the presence of numerous Harris-lines on the long bones.