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Ontario Archaeology – OA044, 1985

Huron-St. Lawrence Iroquois Relations in the Terminal Prehistoric Period
Volume:  OA44
Year:  1985
Author:  PENDERGAST, J. F.
Page Range:  23 – 39
Abstract:  An introductory summary of Jefferson County topography and archaeological history, including reference to the question of archaeological connections with Ontario, provides the background against which to examine and compare certain Jefferson County St.Lawrence Iroquois archaeological traits with their Huron counterparts. Ossuary burials, pottery, ceramic and stone pipes and bone tools from the two regions are examined in detail in the context of their similarity. A wide-ranging discussion considers viewpoints expressed by early scholars regarding the destruction of the Iroquois in Jefferson County by the Huron as well as some current hypotheses regarding the disappearance of the St.Lawrence Iroquois.

Bellamy:  A Late Historic Ojibwa Habitation
Volume:  OA44
Year:  1985
Page Range:  3 – 21
Abstract:  By the end of the 18th century southwestern Ontario was occupied mainly by a large Native population, along with a few British military posts and a scattering of recently settled Loyalists. One Native group settled in the area at that time was the Ojibwa. Bellamy, occupied by an Ojibwa community around 1790, is the first late historic habitation site of this group to have been purposefully excavated in the Great Lakes region. Data recovered reflects a material culture consisting largely of European goods that both historical and archaeological evidence suggests had been incorporated into a traditional way of life characterized by a highly variable seasonal round. However, by 1830 massive changes, caused by large-scale European immigration and changing British administration policies, were to radically alter this lifestyle. Thus the Bellamy site documents a period of Ojibwa history just prior to drastic cultural changes.

A 17th Century Attigneenongnahac Village: Settlement Patterns at the Auger Site (BdGw-3)
Volume:  OA44
Year:  1985
Author:  LATTA, M. A.
Page Range:  41 – 54
Abstract:  Settlement remains at the Auger site show features which are thought to be characteristic of the Attigneenongnahac, one of the component nations within the historic Huron confederacy. Of particular interest are: (1) village spatial organization, (2) palisade construction, (3) trash disposal practices, and (4) house construction methods including (a) end wall construction, (b) internal support posts, (c) location and nature of wall bench support structures, (d) large storage vats, and (e) internal pens.