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Ontario Archaeology – OA033, 1980

The Liahn II Site and Early Woodland Mortuary Ceremonialism
Volume:  OA33
Year:  1980
Author:  WILLIAMSON, R. F.
Page Range:  3 – 11
Abstract:  Recent excavations at the Liahn II site (AcHo-2) located near Mitchell Bay, Lake St. Clair, in Kent Co., Ontario, has revealed a probable Early Woodland burial area as indicated by the recovery of twelve burials and an assortment of mortuary items. As with other sites of this cultural and temporal period, the use of red ochre is extensive yet its symbolic nature remains unexplained.

Dawson Creek:  An Early Woodland Site in South-Central Ontario
Volume:  OA33
Year:  1980
Author:  JACKSON, L. J.
Page Range:  13 – 32
Abstract:  The Early Woodland Dawson Creek site was discovered in 1976 during an archaeological survey of the western Rice Lake basin in south-central Ontario. Limited test excavation revealed diagnostic ceramics and lithics, as well as floral and faunal remains, in association with hearth/pit features. Radiocarbon dates for these features place site occupation at about 500 years B.C. The nature and significance of the Dawson Creek site material is discussed.

Early Man in Northwestern Ontario: New Plano Evidence
Volume:  OA33
Year:  1980
Author:  REID, C. S.
Page Range:  33 – 36
Abstract:  A new Plano site in the Rainy River area of Northwestern Ontario has produced 2 surface- collected projectile points possessing Agate Basin attributes, and 2 other bifacially flaked lithic tools. Their significance, and the site’s potential for future research, are briefly discussed.

Ballysadare (DkKp-10): A Laurel-Blackduck Site at the Source of the Winnipeg River
Volume:  OA33
Year:  1980
Author:  RAJNOVICH, G.
Page Range:  37 – 58
Abstract:  The Ballysadare site (DkKp-10) on the Winnipeg River in Kenora, Ontario, is a small encampment used by both Laurel and Blackduck people. Test excavations of 9 one-meter units revealed a feature consisting of a curved line of rocks surrounding a grey loam lens associated with Laurel ceramics and a radiocarbon date of 150 B.C. ± 165; it may be the remains of a very early Middle Woodland structure. The late Woodland component contains a hearth, lithic reduction feature, and artifacts typical of Shield area Blackduck sites.

Iroquois Effigy Rattle Pipes
Volume:  OA33
Year:  1980
Author:  KAPCHES, M.
Page Range:  59 – 68
Abstract:  A small number of ceramic Iroquois effigy pipes have been discovered to have enclosed cavities containing grit inclusions that cause the pipes to rattle when shaken. This paper is a brief research note describing the examples in the Royal Ontario Museum and University of Toronto collections. The techniques of production and the cultural and chronological character of the pipes are discussed. It is suggested that other researchers may discover additional examples by shaking their pipes.