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Ontario Archaeology – OA029, 1978

Some Recent Developments in the Search for Early Man in Ontario
Volume:   OA29
Year:  1978
Author:  STORCK, Peter L.
Page Range:  3 – 16
Abstract:  The long-term Royal Ontario Museum survey and excavation program focusing on the Early Man occupation of Ontario is briefly described. The results of the 1976 survey along the strandline of glacial Lake Algonquin and preliminary excavations at the Fisher site, a major Early Paleo-Indian base camp, are discussed.

Archaeological Investigations of the Pickering Phase in the Rice Lake Area
Volume:  OA29
Year:  1978
Author:  PEARCE, R. J.
Page Range:  17 – 24
Abstract:  Analysis of Pickering materials housed at Trent University has led to the formulation of a newly defined regional manifestation of the Pickering Phase in the Rice Lake area. The excavation of the early Pickering Richardson site southeast of Rice Lake in 1976 provided a focal point from which this regional development could be studied, as well as contributed to the understanding of the Early Ontario Iroquois stage.

Excavation at the Glen Meyer Reid Site, Long Point, Lake Erie
Volume:  OA29
Year:  1978
Author:  WRIGHT, M. J.
Page Range:  25 – 32
Abstract:  The Reid Site (AdHc-5), is a late (circa A.D. 1300) Glen Meyer village located two miles north of Long Point, Lake Erie. Excavations resulted in the definition of a one acre double palisaded village with six longhouse structures. Reid burial patterns provide the first substantial set of data regarding this little known aspect of Glen Meyer Culture. Preliminary analysis of the Reid Site artifacts, in conjunction with settlement and burial pattern, offers significant insight into the composition of late Glen Meyer Culture. Most significant, however, are the insights Reid offers with regard to the Glen Meyer/Pickering amalgamation question, and the resultant formation of the Middleport horizon of the Ontario Iroquois Tradition.

The Bruce Boyd Site: An Early Woodland Component in Southwestern Ontario
Volume:  OA29
Year:  1978
Page Range:  33 – 46
Abstract:  The Bruce Boyd site is an Early Woodland burial area on a sand knoll near Long Point, Lake Erie. Excavation uncovered several burials and offerings with cache blades, Meadowood points, trapezoidal gorgets, galena, copper beads, copper bracelets, iron pyrites and red ochre. The ceramics were cordmarked on both interior and exterior, some of them also showing punctates on the lip and exterior rim.

The In Situ Analysis of Human Burials
Volume:  OA29
Year:  1978
Author:  SAUNDERS, S. R.
Page Range:  47 – 52
Abstract:  Archaeologists often encounter isolated, stray burials on habitation sites. Recent studies have led to interesting cultural explanations for these burials on Ontario Iroquois sites and it is proposed that we reconsider our methods of observation of human burials in situ since careful, discriminating observation is a prerequisite for innovations in theory. Various techniques of data retrieval from in situ burials are discussed.

The Ball Site: A Preliminary Statement
Volume:  OA29
Year:  1978
Author:  KNIGHT, D.
Page Range:  53 – 63
Abstract:  Ten weeks of excavation at the Ball Site, near Warminster, Ontario, have produced evidence of a large, permanently occupied proto-historic Huron village. The majority of the work has been directed toward understanding the settlement patterns of the site and includes partial or complete excavation of nine houses from three different areas indicating a homogenous rather than a heterogeneous occupation of the site. Rim sherd and pipe analysis suggest ca. A.D. 1600 as the date of occupation. The work has brought to light a number of problems, including the noticeable lack of bone material, the small number of pipe fragments, and only one deep midden deposit.