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Ontario Archaeology – OA018, 1972

A Woodland Indian Site at Constance Bay, Ontario
Volume:  OA18
Year:  1972
Author:  WATSON, G. D.
Page Range:  1 – 24
Abstract:  The accidental discovery of Woodland Indian pottery during the summers of 1969 and 1970 led to the excavation in 1970 and 1971 of a single component site. The site, which has been radiocarbon dated at 2440 ± 75 B.P. (490 ± 75 B.C.), produced ceramics, lithics, fragments of copper, galena, mica and bone, hearth features, and an apparent red-ochre burial marked by a possible petroform effigy.

Faunal Findings at the Constance Bay Site No. 1 (BiGa-2)
Volume:  OA18
Year:  1972
Author:  SAVAGE, H. G.
Page Range:  25 – 36
Abstract:  Faunal material, excavated by Mr. Gordon Watson at the Constance Bay Site No. 1 (BiGa-2) and radiocarbon dated at 2,440 ± 75 B.P., included elements from six mammal species, as well as turtle and fish species, many of which were calcined. The small size of the beaver and black bear findings was noted. Cavitation of the compact bone of most of the cortex specimens from large mammal species was demonstrated by direct examination and radiologically, and its nature investigated by X-ray diffraction and spectography, and microscopic examination and selective staining of ground thin sections. A suggested mode of production of the cavitation is a destructive effect of soil factors on the bone inner portion and its subsequent leaching out, with a resultant shell of cortex only remaining. This effect does not appear to have occurred in other archaeological sites in Ontario.

An Unusual Late Paleo-Indian Projectile Point from Grey County, Southern Ontario
Volume:  OA18
Year:  1972
Author:  STORCK, P. L.
Page Range:  37 – 45
Abstract:  A Late Paleo-Indian projectile point from southern Ontario is described and compared with other Late Paleo-Indian (Plano complex) material in the province. The white quartzite from which the point was made could be from the La Cloche Range on the north shore of Georgian Bay and thus may indicate north-south movements of early hunters. The point cannot be identified with any of the known Late Paleo-Indian manifestations and can only be classified within the inclusive Plano complex.