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Ontario Archaeology – OA060, 1995

Editorial:  Revisiting Sites and Meals
Volume:  OA60
Year:  1995
Page Range:  1 – 3
Abstract:  No Abstract

The Archaeology and Physical Anthropology of the E.C. Row Site: A Springwells Phase Settlement, Essex County, Ontario
Volume:  OA60
Year:  1995
Page Range:  5 – 39
Abstract:  The proposed construction of the E.C. Row Expressway – Highway 3 interchange in Windsor by the Ontario Ministry of Transportation involves the disturbance of lands adjacent to the Lucier Site (AbHs-1). Lucier, excavated by Wintemberg in 1935, produced cultural materials and burials pertaining to the Late Woodland Western Basin Tradition. Although the extent of the site had not been determined at that time, later archaeological survey of the area to be impacted by construction identified a second, spatially discrete occupation and burial area designated the E.C. Row Site (AbHs-7). This report describes the survey and the results of salvage excavations undertaken at the E.C. Row Site. The site appears to be a warm season settlement attributed to the Springwells Phase of the Western Basin Tradition. We consider Wintemberg’s investigations and the relationship between E.C. Row and the Lucier Site. The number of burials recovered at the two sites help to illustrate a pattern which is unique to the Western Basin Tradition. Comparisons with contemporary Iroquoian sites to the east help in determining the biocultural affinities of the E.C. Row Site occupants. While our results are not definitive, they strongly suggest that there are distinct biocultural differences between the Springwells Phase of the Western Basin Tradition and the southern Ontario Iroquoians.

The Wiacek Site Revisited: The Results of the 1990 Excavations
Volume:  OA60
Year:  1995
Page Range:  40 – 91
Abstract:  The Wiacek site (BcGw-26), a Middle Iroquoian village located in the southern outskirts of the City of Barrie, was partially excavated by the Ministry of Transportation in 1983. Additional salvage excavations were undertaken at the site in 1990 by Archaeological Services Inc., in advance of the proposed construction of a subdivision. The findings of the 1983 investigations (Lennox et al. 1986) were widely disseminated, since this work represented the most detailed examination undertaken of an Iroquoian site in the region. With a few exceptions, the results of the 1990 excavations are consistent with the earlier findings; however, this study has also raised many new questions. The following article reviews the 1990 excavations, highlights those findings that complement or refine some of the earlier conclusions regarding the site, and outlines several additional issues concerning the Iroquoian settlement of southern Simcoe County that have yet to be resolved.

Quantifying Animal Food Diet: A Comparison of Four Approaches Using Bones From A Prehistoric Iroquoian Village
Volume:  OA60
Year:  1995
Page Range:  92 – 101
Abstract:  During an analysis and quantification of faunal material from a Late Prehistoric Iroquoian village. I obtained differing faunal abundance estimates using four distinct quantification methods. In this paper I outline briefly the methods and the results. I discuss how and why the results differ, and what implications this has for the interpretation of relative dietary contribution.