Hi-Lo Materials from Southwestern Ontario
Author: ELLIS, C. J., & D. B. DELLER
Page Range: 3 – 22
Abstract: Recent research conducted on Hi-Lo sites in Southwestern Ontario provides support for Hi-Lo’s placement as a Late Paleo-Indian/Early Archaic manifestation. The variation in Hi-Lo point morphology and the known tool forms associated with Hi-Lo are discussed. It is suggested that Hi-Lo can be conceived of as a Great Lakes area representative of Tuck’s Dalton Horizon.
An Engraved Slate Point from Southern Ontario
Author: JOHNSTON, R. B.
Page Range: 23 – 29
Abstract: A consideration and interpretation of a slate point bearing apparently notational engraving suggests that it may have been associated with Late Archaic ceremonialism.
A Refinement of Historic Neutral Chronologies: Evidence from Shaver Hill, Christianson and Dwyer
Author: FITZGERALD, W. R.
Page Range: 31 – 46
Abstract: The Christianson and Robertson village sites, and their associated cemeteries Shaver Hill and Dwyer, respectively, as sequential occupations represent a continuum of historic Neutral Iroquoian occupation between circa A.D. 1615 and 1651 along the upper Spencer Creek northwest of Hamilton, Ontario. Trends in European goods on these sites can then be identified, and in light of the approximate 1619-1626 date of issue of the Shaver Hill rosary medallion can, in conjunction with fur trade events, provide more precise dates than previously possible. The earlier occupation, Christianson and Shaver Hill, has been assigned a duration of occupation between circa 1615 and 1632, while the subsequent upstream occupation, Robertson and Dwyer, was in existence between circa 1632 and 1651. The dates assigned to these assemblages will provide a basis for the reevaluation of dates assigned to other historic components.
Recognizing Intact Iroquoian Domestic Refuse: The Draper Case
Author: HAYDEN, B.
Page Range: 47 – 50
Abstract: Questions about validity of the interpretations at the Draper site have been raised on the grounds of possible contamination of deposits within structures. In this article criteria are set out which allow analysts to determine whether significant ‘contamination’ has occurred. These criteria include: relative artifact densities in relation to potential contaminant features; the location of refuse concentrations in relation to walls and corners; the clustering of artifacts around hearths; and the clustering of ‘high-status’ artifacts and their association with unusually intense feature remains. Using these criteria, the Structure 2 artifacts at Draper are shown to be relatively uncontaminated, and conclusions based on their analysis are indicated
Spatial Relativism and Perception: The Site Distribution of Western New York
Author: ZUBROW, E.
Page Range: 51 – 68
Abstract: The spatial context of archaeological sites and artifacts is fundamental to all archaeology. This paper considers the methodological problems inherent in archaeological maps and their interpretation. It shows that different archaeological interpretations can be legitimately drawn from the same set of spatial data depending upon the observer’s location as exemplified by the spatial distribution of some 1500 prehistoric sites in western New York