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Ontario Archaeology – OA027, 1976

Who Made the Pipes ? A Study of Decorative Motifs on Middleport Pipe and Pottery Collections
Volume:  OA27
Year:  1976
Page Range:  3 – 12
Abstract:  In 1966 Wright noted that incised horizontal lines above a row of punctates, ‘incised opposed obliques’ and an ‘incised, complex-zoned motif’ were popular decorative motifs found on the pipes of Middleport substage sites and at the Middleport site in particular (1966:63). Such motifs also appear on the pottery of the period. The authors had observed that many of the motifs which were used to decorate the Pound site pottery had also been applied to the Pound pipes. The question arose as to what extent the decorative motifs on Middleport substage pottery could also be identified on the pipes. Should the correlation be high, one would expect that, either the pottery makers and pipe makers were one and the same, or, that one of the two had influenced the decorative art of the other. It seemed probable that a comparative study of Middleport substage ceramic decorative motifs might provide some statistical evidence which would illuminate the question of who was making the pipes-the men or the women. This study provides some statistical measurement of the correlation of the pipe and pottery decorative motifs and concludes that although the same motifs do appear on both artifact classes, they reflect two or more different traditions at any one site and that these traditions are best explained by assuming the existence of female pottery makers and male pipe makers. It is further concluded that it may be useful to compare the pipe and pottery motifs within a site and to compare these motifs with the pipe and pottery motifs on other Middleport sites which are temporally and geographically related.

The Heaman Site: A Preliminary Report on a Paleo-Indian Site in Middlesex County, Ontario
Volume:  OA27
Year:  1976
Author:  DELLER, D. B.
Page Range:  13 – 28
Abstract:  The Heaman site is one of a number of Paleo-Indian sites clustered along the northeastern edge of the Thedford Marsh in Middlesex County, Ontario. The surface of the site has yielded a small collection of fluted, Agate Basin and Scottsbluff type points which forms the basis of this paper. Other Paleo-Indian artifacts recovered in the vicinity of the marsh are also recorded. The high frequency of Paleo-Indian sites is explained by their orientation to a favourable, post-Algonquin microenvironment.

The Interment of Infants of the Ontario Iroquois
Volume:  OA27
Year:  1976
Author:  KAPCHES, M.
Page Range:  29 – 39
Abstract:  In this paper a previously unreported interment practice will be described and discussed for the Ontario Iroquois. The practice involves the interment of infants inside longhouses and is reported on sites of the Middle to Historic Periods of the Ontario Iroquois. A variation of this interment practice, that of interring infants in vessels and placing the interment on the periphery of the village or in an ossuary, will also be described. Ethnographic and archaeological data will be utilized to clarify and interpret the practice.