Speaker: Daniel Worby
Topic: Changing Diet Breadth and the Middle to Late Woodland Transition in South Central Ontario
This lecture presents the results from Daniel Worby’s Masters thesis research, which examines foraging strategies during the Middle Woodland Period’s Sandbanks Phase (A.D. 700–1000) on Boyd Island (Chimnis), Pigeon Lake, Ontario. His analysis of diet breadth and carcass transport patterns suggests that most animal resources were acquired from both aquatic and terrestrial habitats, at moderate distances from the site.
Incomplete carcasses of large game appear to have been transported away from the site, where they were subsequently processed for provisioning or consumption. Comparisons with other Sandbanks faunal assemblages and those dating to later periods indicate significant differences in terms of taxonomic composition, while continuing to emphasize the use of fish. This indicates that the Middle Woodland foragers adopted subsistence strategies focusing on the exploitation of local habitats in which productivity may have been enhanced through niche construction associated with the low-level food production activities.
Daniel Worby, a graduate student in the Anthropology program at Trent University, also received his BSc Honours degree in archaeology from Trent in 2014. Prior to that he worked as a software developer after receiving an associate’s degree in computer programming from Fanshawe College in 2006. His research interests revolve around zooarchaeology, bioarchaeology, foraging theory, cultural resource management, and pre-contact Ontario First Nations groups. Over the span of his academic career at Trent University, he has received numerous awards. Currently, Daniel holds an Applied Research License from the Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Culture, and Sport and is looking forward to continuing his career in archaeology in Ontario.
Speakers: Jean-François Millaire, Kayla Golay-Lausanne, and Edward Eastaugh
Topic: Ongoing Remote Sensing Work at the Gallinazo Group Site in the Virú Valley, Peru
Speaker: Chris Langlois (Archaeological Services Inc.)
Topic: Ritual, Social Organization, and Monumental Architecture: A Case Study of Monumental Tombs in the Göksu Valley, Turkey
This paper presents a newly discovered temple tomb from the site of Dağpazarı in Southeastern Turkey in the context of its historical, social, and regional settings. It discusses the development of monumental architecture in ancient Anatolia, the ritual process of the Roman funeral and its relationship to monumental architecture, Roman tomb forms of the region during the second century A.D., and suggestions for architectural reconstruction of the Dağpazarı temple tomb.
Speaker: Dr. Carla Parslow, Associate, Senior Archaeologist, Golder Associates
Topic: Water Level Management on the Rainy River and Indirect Impacts to Archaeological Sites
Research on water level management practices and their impacts to archaeological sites along the Rainy River undertaken in 2015 ‐ 16 completed three main tasks: collecting data on known archaeological sites on the U.S. and Canadian sides of the river; integrating the data with results of the hydrologic/hydraulic analyses of the river; and determining and documenting how previous and current water level management conditions affect the archaeological sites on the river. Results show that water levels prescribed by current management strategies don’t directly impact the sites. However, there is observed erosion and cultural vulnerability of some sites. This erosion is the result of several factors that are indirectly influenced by water level management strategies.
We encourage all interested persons to attend Toronto Chapter meetings free of charge and invite you to become a member of the OAS and the Chapter. Bring a friend!
There will be a speaker, light refreshments, and time to socialize with other members.
Speakers: Colin Wallace (PhD candidate, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo)
Topic: Untapping the Potential of 3D Archaeological Modeling
Robert von Bitter, Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport
Chris Menary, Toronto Region Conservation Authority
Topic: The French Mission of Kenté: Examining its Place 350 Years Later
Speaker: Mima Brown Kapches
Topic: Canadians and the Early Years of the SAA: The Society for
American Archaeology (From 1934‐1941)
Speaker: Daniel Ionico, MA Candidate, Department of Anthropology, McMaster University
Topic: Demographic Disasters and Their Consequences: Revisiting Shell-Tempering Pottery at Neutral Iroquoian Sites
European contact with Northern Iroquoian communities brought about a series of direct and indirect consequences. These involved European-disease epidemics and a series of migrations that moved people across the landscape as refugees, captives, or conquerors. Taking a learning framework approach, I will revisit the peculiar emergence of shell-tempering practices at one site cluster in the late pre-contact and post-contact (A.D. 1580-1650) Neutral Iroquoian Confederacy. In particular, I focus on the extant Christianson and Hamilton Site pottery collections that represent before and after sequences for a series of demographic shifts in the region. This study explores the use of ceramic petrography and multi-attribute approaches as a way for Iroquoian archaeologists to understand the impacts these demographic upheavals can have on local technological systems.
Speakers: Rhiannon Fisher, M.Sc., RPA, Archaeologist, Golder Associates and Carla Parslow, Ph.D., Senior Archaeologist, Golder Associates
Topic: The Unexpected Finds at AhHa-317, a Late Woodland Habitation Site in Hamilton, Ontario
AhHa-317 has been interpreted as a cabin site or special use site with a Late Woodland Attawandaron (Neutral) Iroquoian affiliation. Preliminary analysis of the pre-colonial Indigenous assemblage revealed a large amount of chipping detritus, projectile points and other lithic tools indicative of hunting activities related to food acquisition. Pottery, including decorated pieces, dated the assemblage to c. 1400 - 1600. While this artifact assemblage is typical of Woodland sites in the area, the significant number of artifacts related to fishing, such as a bone harpoon, netsinker, and fish scales, is distinctive. A phallic stone, possibly an effigy used as a pestle, is an exceptional find. This talk explores the frequency and relationship of fishing instruments to other artifacts found on Late Woodland sites within the region, including sites of the Grand River Valley. This talk also explores possible uses for the phallic effigy recovered during excavation.
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